Multimedia History Friday, Feb 19 2010 

O echipa pasionata a “Prezentului” reunind specialisti ai “Trecutului” – istorici si arheologi si specialisti ai “Viitorului” – ingineri si informaticieni, va invita sa faceti cu totii o incursiune in timp, pornind de la cele mai indepartate manifestari ale fiintei umane, intr-o calatorie de milenii… de la primele scrieri, la multimedia !

Pentru prima oara in Romania, codul de bare 2D va fi utilizat pentru o expozitie si pentru toate materialele de suport. Codul ofera o interfata usoara telefonul mobil-internet si permite asadar sa se asigure o punte intre lumea reala si informatiile din site-urile WAP sau WEB.

Vizitatorii isi vor putea folosi telefonul mobil ca sa afle mai multe informatii despre fiecare exponat, fiecare vitrina, fiecare tema: audioguide, fisa exponatelor etc.
Aceasta tehnologie permite muzeografilor sa rezolve una dintre cele mai mari probleme – cea a esteticii unei expozitii unde abundenta si lipsa de frumusete a textelor (mai ales cand vorbim de o expozitie bilingva) strica adesea armonia vitrinelor si a panourilor.

Expozitia poate fi vizitata si pe site-ul l www.multimediahistory.ro care contine toate panourile, toate ilustratiile, pozele si explicatiile pentru fiecare dintre cele 300 de comori aduse din toate muzeele din Ardeal si Banat.

Cum a reusit acest proiect? Cu  colaborarea exceptionala a specialistilor romani si elvetieni intr-o plina si adevarata interdisciplinalitate. Expozitia reuneste un corpus de obiecte apartinand a mai mult de 12.000 de ani de istorie umana si poate fi vizionata la Muzeul Civilizatiei Dacice si Romane din Deva.

Advertisements

From panopticon to panspectron Friday, Feb 19 2010 

  • In the emergent “panspectric” order, human society is seen in terms of “information traffic”. It is not the actions of individuals that are observed, as in the Foulcauldian panopticon, rather those of the mass. Degrees of corporate and state surveillance are unprecedented; yet panspectric subjectivity also brings new forms of resistance.
  • Sweden Defence minister Sten  Tolgfors’ reasoning avoids a crucial point: more and more actors – the security services and large companies, but also academics and activists – have started to see human society as nothing more than “flows” of influences. The more information channel flows are logged in detail, the better insight we gain into people’s psyches.
  • The echelon -known as the  “panspectron”, because it gathers information across the spectrum of electromagnetic signals: the computer’s “gaze” registers more than just visible light, the frequencies that the human eye can perceive. Just as the panopticon was emblematic of Foucauldian panopticism, today the panspectron symbolizes the emerging order of “panspectrocism”. It is no longer a human being that “watches” your behaviour, but a computer that predicts your behaviour by searching for patterns across a much broader register of information.
  • According to Deleuze, in emergent societies of control, we are dispersed individuals: “We no longer find ourselves dealing with the ‘mass-individual’ dyad. Individuals have become dividuals and masses, samples, data, markets, or banks.”
  • The panspectric paradox is that we can say more about individuals’ behaviour if we stop seeing them as individuals. This idea – that we are “configured” by our context – is hardly new. But what distinguishes the current era is our ability to record and analyse the impressions made on our minds: what we have read and consumed, where we have been, who we are communicating with.

Read full article on Eurozine

Societatea Informationala Thursday, Sep 18 2008 

Societatea informaţională este societatea în care producerea şi consumul de informaţie este cel mai important tip de activitate. Informaţia este recunoscută drept resursă principală, tehnologiile informaţiei şi comunicaţiilor sunt tehnologii de bază, iar mediul informaţional, împreună cu cel social şi cel ecologic – un mediu de existenţă a omului.

Dimensiunile societăţii informaţionale şi a cunoasterii (SIC)

  • Socială – se aplică asupra îngrijirii sănătăţii şi protecţiei sociale, democracraţiei sociale. (telemedicina, teleactivităţi, telelucru, telealegeri,teleasigurare, etc.).
  • Educaţională – dezvoltă competenţa de concepţie şi de lucru în regim informatizat, gestionarea intelegentă a proceselor (educaţie şi învăţămînt la distanţă, biblioteci virtuale,e-Teaching,e-Learning).
  • Ambientală – care are impact asupra utilizării resurselor şi protecţiei mediului înconjurător.
  • Culturală – care are impact asupra conservării şi dezvoltării patrimoniului, dezvoltării industriei (muzee, galerii de arta pe internet,digitizarea informatiei:manuale digitizate,digitizarea patrimoniului national si international).
  • Economică – care dezvoltă noi paradigme ale economiei digitale şi ale economiei bazată pe cunoaştere (e-Comerţ, e-Banking, e-Learning,e-Money,e-Trading,achitare pe internet,afacere pe internet, etc.).
  • Dimensiuni ale S.I.
  • Tehnologică – infrastructură, servicii, aplicaţii
  • Economică – noua economie digitală
  • Politico– administrativă – guvernare electronică
  • Socială – calitatea vieţii
  • Culturală – interacţiunea cultură-tehnologie
  • Juridică – legislaţie specifică

You are reading this page on the Internet. You may also have a digital camera, a mobile phone, an MP3 player. These are all “information society” products, made possible by the convergence of computer, telecommunications and media sciences. In just one generation, information and communications technologies (ICTs) have revolutionised the way we live, learn, work and play. They have radically recast the ways in which people, industry, governments and society interact.

Information society is seen as the successor to industrial society. losely related concepts are the post-industrial society (Daniel Bell), post-fordism, post-modern society, knowledge society, Telematic Society, Information Revolution, and network society (Manuel Castells).

One of the first people to develop the concept of the information society was the economist Fritz Machlup. He was notable for being one of the first economists to examine knowledge as an economic resource. Machlup’s key work was The Production and Distribution of Knowledge in the United States (1962), which is credited with popularizing the concept of the information society. Shortly before his death he completed the third in a series of ten planned volumes collectively called Knowledge: Its Creation, Distribution, and Economic Significance. He distinguished five sectors of the knowledge sector: education, research and development, mass media, information technologies, information services.

Peter Drucker has argued that there is a transition from an economy based on material goods to one based on knowledge. In 1959, Drucker coined the term “knowledge worker. Drucker was interested in the growing effect of people who worked with their minds rather than their hands. He was intrigued by employees who knew more about certain subjects than their bosses or colleagues and yet had to cooperate with others in a large organization.

Marc Porat distinguishes a primary (information goods and services that are directly used in the production, distribution or processing of information) and a secondary sector (information services produced for internal consumption by government and non-information firms) of the information economy. Porat uses the total value added by the primary and secondary information sector to the GNP as an indicator for the information economy. The OECD has employed Porat’s definition for calculating the share of the information economy in the total economy (e.g. OECD 1981, 1986). Based on such indicators the information society has been defined as a society where more than half of the GNP is produced and more than half of the employees are active in the information economy.

For Daniel Bell the number of employees producing services and information is an indicator for the informational character of a society. What counts is not raw muscle power, or energy, but information. Bell outlined a new kind of society – the post-industrial society. He argued that post-industrialism would be information-led and service-oriented. Bell also argued that the post-industrial society would replace the industrial society as the dominant system. There are three components to a post-industrial society, according to Bell:

  • a shift from manufacturing to services
  • the centrality of the new science-based industries
  • the rise of new technical elites and the advent of a new principle of stratification

Alain Touraine (the originator of the term “post-industrial society”), already spoke in 1971 of the post-industrial society.

“The passage to postindustrial society takes place when investment results in the production of symbolic goods that modify values, needs, representations, far more than in the production of material goods or even of ‘services’. Industrial society had transformed the means of production: post-industrial society changes the ends of production, that is, culture. (…) The decisive point here is that in postindustrial society all of the economic system is the object of intervention of society upon itself. That is why we can call it the programmed society, because this phrase captures its capacity to create models of management, production, organization, distribution, and consumption, so that such a society appears, at all its functional levels, as the product of an action exercised by the society itself, and not as the outcome of natural laws or cultural specificities” (Touraine 1988: 104)

Jean-François Lyotard (well-known for his articulation of postmodernism after the late 1970s and the analysis of the impact of postmodernity on the human condition.)

Lyotard has argued that “knowledge has become the principle force of production over the last few decades“. Knowledge would be transformed into a commodity. Lyotard says that postindustrial society makes knowledge accessible to the layman because knowledge and information technologies would diffuse into society and break up Grand Narratives of centralized structures and groups. Lyotard denotes these changing circumstances as postmodern condition or postmodern society.

Radovan Richta coined the term technological evolution, a theory about society’s replacement of physical labour with mental labour.

Richta (1977) argues that society has been transformed into a scientific civilization based on services, education, and creative activities. This transformation would be the result of a scientific-technological transformation based on technological progress and the increasing importance of computer technology. Science and technology would become immediate forces of production.

Nico Stehr (1994, 2002a, b) says that in the knowledge society a majority of jobs involves working with knowledge. “Contemporary society may be described as a knowledge society based on the extensive penetration of all its spheres of life and institutions by scientific and technological knowledge” (Stehr 2002b: 18).

For Stehr knowledge is a capacity for social action. Science would become an immediate productive force, knowledge would no longer be primarily embodied in machines, but already appropriated nature that represents knowledge would be rearranged according to certain designs and programs (Ibid.: 41-46). For Stehr the economy of a knowledge society is largely driven not by material inputs, but by symbolic or knowledge-based inputs (Ibid.: 67), there would be a large number of professions that involve working with knowledge, and a declining number of jobs that demand low cognitive skills as well as in manufacturing (Stehr 2002a).

Also Alvin Toffler argues that knowledge is the central resource in the economy of the information society: “In a Third Wave economy, the central resource – a single word broadly encompassing data, information, images, symbols, culture, ideology, and values – is actionable knowledge“ (Dyson/Gilder/Keyworth/Toffler 1994).

Source :

Wikipedia

Europe’s Information Society

SUSAN CRAWFORD,The Origin and Development of a Concept: The Information Society*